Descripción del proceso y costeo del plan de acción nacional de cambio climático y estimación de la brecha financiera

proceso y costeo del plan de acción nacional de cambio climático, estimación de la brecha financiera
Needs Assessment (FNA)

The document describes the process of costing the implementation of the National Action Plan on Climate Change (PANCC), and to identify the financial gap. The methodology of costing PANCC required the following aspects: a) to search and build assumptions, b) to develop instruments that allow information to be collected, and c) to transfer the data to an economic language. These aspects were used to establish standard procedures for costs, expenses and investments.  . Costing exercises provide an indicative quantitative basis, through which new financial mechanisms, financial gaps can be identified, and mobilization of additional resources can be also identified. In addition, it also helps to provide useful information for the development of viable policies and programs, determine priorities, and incorporate them into public planning and budgeting systems.  The total cost of the PANCC for the period 2018-2032 is US $ 23,033.62 million, with an estimated financial gap for the analyzed period, of $ 16,552.92 million. It is assumed that there will be public and private financing, for US $ 6,480.69 million. The highest requirement is engaged to Investment with an amount of US $ 17,235.69 million, which is equivalent to (75%) and operational costs will require US $ 5,797.92 million, (25%). Adaptation actions require US $ 16,331.32 million equivalent to 71%, while Mitigation actions require US $ 6,702.29 million equivalent to 29%.  The financing needs of US $ 1,379.41 Million per year is distributed in the following areas: a) Integrated Water Resources Management (US $ 767.04 million), b) Infrastructure (US $ 282.14 million), and c) Land Use, land use change, forestry, with annual requirements of US $ 214.68 million. The annual requirements for adaptation is US $ 1,237.32 million while mitigation requires US $ 142.09 million.